Overall Poverty - San Bernardino County Community Indicators (2024)

Poverty Rate Continues to Decline Into 2019

Poverty can negatively impact an individual’s physical health, mental health, and educational attainment, which together limit an individual’s ability to reach their full potential and maximize their contributions to the community. The poverty rate is an important tool to determine eligibility for health and human services and programs, including health insurance and supplemental food programs, which can lessen the negative impacts of poverty. Tracking poverty can also assist with targeting interventions. This indicator tracks the percentage of the population in San Bernardino County living in poverty by select demographics including age, gender and employment.

Overall Poverty - San Bernardino County Community Indicators (1)

How is San Bernardino County Doing?


Poverty rates in San Bernardino County continued to decline into 2019, the latest data available. The percentage of the population living in poverty decreased from 14.9% in 2018 to 13.3% in 2019. This is a drop of almost five percentage points over the past 10 years, when 18.0% of the population lived in poverty. Similarly, over the past 10 years, poverty rates declined for all age groups. In 2019, 18.4% of children in San Bernardino County under age 18 were living in poverty, down from 24.7% in 2010. The percentage of adults living in poverty also decreased during this same period, from 15.8% in 2010 to 11.4% in 2019. Seniors ages 65 and older saw a slight decrease in poverty, from 11.8% in 2010 to 11.5% in 2019.


Percentage of Population Living in Poverty, by Age, in San Bernardino County, 2010-2019

2019 Income Thresholds for Poverty Determination

For an individual, the annual income to be considered in poverty is less than $12,490.
For two people with no children, the poverty threshold is an annual income of $16,910.


Pacific Islander residents have the highest rate of poverty (24.9%) while Asian residents have the lowest (7.7%). Among Latino residents, 14.3% are living in poverty. This substantial variation in overall poverty contributes to an Equity Gap Score of 3.2. This score means that the group with the highest rate of poverty (Pacific Islanders) is more than three times higher than the group with the lowest rate (Asians).

Equity Gap Score



Percentage of Population Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity in San Bernardino County, 2019


In 2019, 5.6% of San Bernardino County residents over age 16 in the labor force with jobs were living in poverty. This population is often referred to as the “working poor” due to having a job yet still living in poverty. There are fewer working poor than in 2010, when 7.4% of the employed population in the labor force was living in poverty. The poverty rate for the unemployed population in the labor force also decreased, from 28.2% in 2010 to 25.5% in 2019.


Percentage of Civilian Labor Force Age 16 and Older Living in Poverty in San Bernardino County, 2010-2019


San Bernardino County’s rate of poverty is higher than state and national averages and is the highest among counties compared, except for Los Angeles and Miami-Dade, where 13.4% and 15.6%, respectively, of the population live in poverty.


County Comparison of Percentage of Population Living in Poverty, 2019

Women Are More Likely to Live in Poverty Than Men

In 2019, 14.5% of females in San Bernardino County were living in poverty. This is more than two and a half percentage points higher than the proportion of the male population living in poverty (11.9%).

Overall Poverty - San Bernardino County Community Indicators (2024)


What is the poverty line in San Bernardino County? ›

For an individual, the annual income to be considered in poverty is less than $12,490. For two people with no children, the poverty threshold is an annual income of $16,910.

What are the indicators of people living in poverty? ›

For example, in the 2021 definition, people are considered impoverished if their individual income is below $12,880 or their household income is below $26,500 for a family of 4.

What is the poorest city in San Bernardino County? ›

Residents in the City of San Bernardino had the highest rate of families living in poverty (17.2%), while Chino Hills had the lowest rate (2.6%).

What is the poverty rate indicator? ›

The poverty rate is the ratio of the number of people (in a given age group) whose income falls below the poverty line; taken as half the median household income of the total population.

Why is poverty a problem in San Bernardino County? ›

Due to the immigration of poor families flowing into the greater San Bernardino area looking for cheaper housing and jobs the effect on the economy on our local communities is negatively impacted.

What is very low income in San Bernardino County? ›

HOME Program 2020 Income Limits for Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA
# of people30% LimitsVery Low Income
1 person$15,850$26,400
3 person$18,100$30,150
4 person$20,350$33,900
5 person$22,600$37,650
4 more rows

What are the 7 indicators of poverty? ›

Poverty is looked through social indicators like:
  • Illiteracy level.
  • Lack of general resistance due to malnutrition.
  • Lack of access to health care.
  • Lack of opportunities.
  • Lack of access to safe drinking water.
  • Lack of access to safe sanitation facilities.

What is the best indicator of poverty? ›

The Census Bureau determines poverty status by using an official poverty measure (OPM) that compares pre-tax cash income against a threshold that is set at three times the cost of a minimum food diet in 1963 and adjusted for family size.

What is poverty and indicators of poverty? ›

lack of access to economic resources (income) to satisfy basic material needs. A person (or. household) is considered poor if the person's (or household's) income cannot acquire the. basket of goods and services used to define a threshold for poverty.

Is San Bernardino rich or poor? ›

Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022$61,323
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022$22,865
Persons in poverty, percent 20.2%
57 more rows

What is the richest city in San Bernardino County? ›

Check Out The Top 10 Most Expensive Cities To Live In San Bernardino County:
  1. Fawnskin. With a median home price of $2,078,183, Fawnskin is the most expensive city on our list. ...
  2. Parker Dam. ...
  3. San Antonio Heights. ...
  4. Green Valley Lake. ...
  5. Chino Hills. ...
  6. Montclair. ...
  7. Rancho Cucamonga. ...
  8. Upland.

What are some problems in San Bernardino? ›

Residents in San Bernardino are continuously faced with poor air quality, health issues, and displacement from the ongoing expansion of the logistics industry in the region.

What is an example of indicator of poverty? ›

Lack of access to safe drinking water. Lack of access to basic sanitation services. Lack of access to clean cooking fuel. Lack of basic modern assets (radio, TV, telephone, computer, bike, motorbike, etc.)

What is the new indicator of poverty? ›

Absolute poverty was defined as "a condition characterised by severe deprivation of basic human needs, including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information. It depends not only on income but also on access to services."

Why are poverty indicators important? ›

1 In an anti-poverty strategy, indicators help us understand the current state of poverty, set targets for reducing and eliminating poverty and show us how close we are to achieving these targets. Poverty indicators are not developed in isolation. They are tools we use to achieve our vision and goals.

What annual income is considered poverty in California? ›

2024 Federal Poverty Guidelines
​Persons in Family Household​Poverty Guideline​MAGI* Medi-Cal <138% Federal Poverty Level (FPL)
4 more rows
Mar 29, 2024

What is considered middle class in San Bernardino County? ›

In Riverside, San Bernardino and Ontario, a family of three must ring in $154,000 to be considered "middle class." The study also shows those ages 65 and older made the most notable progress up the income ladder from 1971 to 2021.

Who is considered low income in California? ›

Very-Low, Low and Moderate-Income Limits
Household SizeVery-Low IncomeLow-Income
1$11,550 or less$11,551 - $19,300
2$13,200 or less$13,201 - $22,050
3$14,900 or less$14,901 - $24,800
4$16,550 or less$16,551 - $27,550
4 more rows

What is the poorest city in the Inland Empire? ›

The three most-impoverished cities in the Inland Empire are San Bernardino, Hesperia and Perris. The three least-impoverished cities in the Inland Empire are Murrieta, Rancho Cucamonga and Chino Hills.

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