Section 8 Statistics 2022-2023, 2021-2020 Housing Assistance Facts / Trends (2024)

  • Less than 3% of the US population lives in section 8 housing
  • 83% of families HUD housing make less than 20,000 annually
  • Whites are 49% of project-based housing according to ACS
  • New housing units have dropped by 24% from Oct.21 – Oct.22
  • Funding for HUD in the fiscal year 2022 is $214.10 billion
  • Section 8 housing tenants pay 30% of their income for rent
  • Elderly tenants are 38% of section 8 housing tenants
  • Section 8 housing serves 2.1 million people in 1.2 million households

Section 8 Facts 2022-2023

Less than three percent (2.84%) of the American population lives in low-income housing, at a total of 9.3 million people. This housing is managed by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). Of these millions of people, the average rent paid is $347 per month which totals $4,164 a year. About a quarter (22.21%) of the HUD residents live in Section 8 project housing, totaling 2.07 million. More than half of all tenants (56.02%) receive Section 8 vouchers through the Housing Choice Voucher program, at 5.23 million. Public Housing is 19.53% of the section 8 community. The elderly constitute of 1.41% of the benefactors. Disabled tenants make less than half a percent (0.37%). Individuals undergoing rehabilitation make 0.35%, and other miscellaneous categories are 0.11% of the total.

Section 8 Statistics 2022-2023, 2021-2020 Housing Assistance Facts / Trends (2)

U.S. Department of
Housing and Urban Development

Section 8 tenants (Housing Choice Voucher Program Section 8) with a median income of 30% for their area have a tend to succeed within the system, depending their household needs and dynamics. Most of the families (84%) that live in HUD housing have an income of less than $20,000 per year. The average eligible household has 2 members. And their average stay in assisted housing last for 6 years. Less than halve of these households (43%) are families with kids. Also, less than half (43%) of these families have a female head of household.

Housing Assistance Stats 2022-2023

According to some charts by the American Community Survey, non-Hispanic whites are 71% of all households in the U.S. Whites are also 56% of renters and 47% of Extremely Low Income (ELI) renters. Blacks are 12% of all households, 19% of all renters and 26% of ELI renters. Hispanic households make up 12% of all households, 18% of renters and 19% of ELI renters. When it comes to project-project-based section 8 housing, 49% of households are white. Likewise, 33% consist of black households. Hispanics make 13% while other races make up 5% of the rest. Public housing is made of 45% black households, 32% white, 21% Hispanic, and 2% of others. Black households consist of 45% of voucher recipients, whites make up 35%, Hispanics 16%, and 3% of other races.

A lot of HUD housing comes from new privately-owned housing units authorized in permit-issuing places. From October of 2021 -2022, the total number of available units has dropped 10.1 %, from 1,698 to 1,526 overall. By units, singles have dropped 22.1%, 2 to 4 raised 3.8%, 5 or more raised 11.2 % from 569 to 633. Across the board, every region saw a drop in total units and available single units from October 21 to Oct 22, with the northeast -11.8% and -16.4%, Midwest -10.3% and -18.7%, south -3% and -24.4%, and the west -24.1% and 30.1%.

The available units and households in need have to get assistance from somewhere, and that somewhere is funding from the federal government. HUD breaks down into 8 separate sections which receive federal funds. For the fiscal year (FY) 2022, HUD is funded $214.10 billion dollars. This equals 2.1% of the US Federal Budget. Of that funding, 67.82% is set aside for total obligations leaving 71% ready to be used as needed. HUD has $54.81 billion in award obligations that it has to manage. That amount turns out to be 80.8% of its total obligations. Of that $54 billion, 76.9% goes to direct payments while 37.5% goes to grants.

When it comes to how much tenants of Section 8 housing pay out of pocket costs, the math is simple. Households that meet income requirements pay 30% of their income to a privately owned residence while PHAs (Public Housing Authorities) supplement the rest. The budget is roughly $25 billion, at the latest count. HUD has the same deal, 30% of income to subsidized rent, for households that receive tenant-based rent assistance. Its budget is $14 billion. Households in public housing pay 30% income for rent while local PHAs manage the properties directly. This require a budget of $4 billion. For the elderly and disabled, federal authorities fund programs using $14 billion yearly.

If it seams like Section 8 housing some kind of advantage, a closer look at the neighborhoods is needed. Many of these households, 700,000 projected-based HUD units, are in high-risk areas for natural disasters. The neighbors themselves are vulnerable or at high risk. The 4.6 million section 8 tenants mainly consist of the elderly, families with children, and adults with disabilities. The elderly constitute of 38% of Section 8 tenants. Adults with children make up 29% of the community. Disabled adults are 22% of the total. Adults without children are 11%.

The statistics surrounding project-based Section 8 households are noteworthy numbers. These housing units serve 2.1 million people in 1.2 million households. Most of these households (63%) are 1 person. Two-person households make 18% while 3-person families constitute 10%, 4-person or more households are 9% of the tenants. As for specific ages, 50% if residents are 62 years of age, 30% are ages 25-50, 51-60 years old adults constitute 15%, ages 85 are 7%, and 6% are 24 years old. When it comes to HOH, 24% are women with children, the elderly make 50%, non elderly adults with disabilities are 16%.

Stats Sources


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Section 8 Statistics 2022-2023, 2021-2020 Housing Assistance Facts / Trends (2024)


What demographic uses Section 8 the most? ›

html. Elderly households (those including a household head or spouse who is at least 62) are a large part of the tenant population across all programs. Nearly a third (30%) of public housing residents are elderly, as are nearly half (46%) of residents in Project- Based Section 8 housing.

What state has the highest Section 8 housing? ›

Home / Economy / Articles / Which states have the most and least subsidized housing? Rhode Island had the most subsidized housing units of any US state in 2022, with over 35 units per 1,000 people. Arizona had the least, with fewer than six units per 1,000 people.

What is the highest you can make for Section 8? ›

FY 2024 Section 8 Income Limits (Effective 04/15/2024)
Number of PersonsExtremely Low Income 30% of MedianLow Income 80% of Median
1$ 29,150$ 77,700
2$ 33,300$ 88,800
3$ 37,450$ 99,900
4$ 41,600$ 110,950
4 more rows
Apr 15, 2024

Who qualifies for Section 8 in NJ? ›

Income Eligibility

There are two income limits which are used to determine eligibility for the Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Programs: Very Low Income limit: 50 percent of the area median income; and. Low-Income limit: 80 percent of the area median income.

How many people are on Section 8 housing in the United States? ›

To reduce the risk of homelessness for millions, the federal government provides financial support for people whose incomes are below a certain threshold. Just over nine million people receive housing subsidies through the Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) Section 8 program.

Which states have the most public housing? ›

Population living in public housing in U.S. 2022, by state

In 2022, New York led all states in the United States with the highest population residing in public housing units. The number of residents in assisted houses in New York was more than 300,000, much higher than in other states.

What state helps with housing the most? ›

Massachusetts leads the nation in both housing and community development spending per capita at $432 and in spending per low-income resident, defined as those with incomes below 200% of poverty level, at $2,144.

What cities have the longest Section 8 waiting list? ›

The longest wait times among these large agencies are more than seven years in San Diego County, California, where there were 56,737 families on the waitlist at the end of 2020, and eight years in Miami-Dade, Florida, where the housing agency is processing applications it received during its most recent open enrollment ...

Which state has the biggest housing crisis? ›

Home values and rents in California are among the most expensive in the nation, and the state has one of the highest rates of homelessness. Californians are increasingly concerned about these issues, with more than a third saying they've considered leaving the state due to housing costs.

What's the most rent for income housing? ›

HOME Rent Limits
  • The rent does not exceed 30 percent of the annual income of a family whose income equals 50 percent of the median income for the area, as determined by HUD, with adjustments for smaller and larger families. ...
  • The rent does not exceed 30 percent of the family's adjusted income.

How much will Section 8 pay for a 2 bedroom in Michigan? ›

Payment Standards by Voucher Bedroom Size
Voucher Bedroom SizePayment Standard
3 more rows

What does AMI mean? ›

Area Median Income, also known as “A-M-I” or sometimes referenced as Median Family Income (MFI), is the household income for the median/'middle' household in a given region. Thus, if you were to line up each household from poorest to wealthiest, the household in the very middle would be considered the median.

What will disqualify you from Section 8 in NJ? ›

The DCA will deny admission of an applicant if any household member is currently engaged in, or has engaged in during a reasonable time before admission, drug-related criminal activity, violent criminal activity, or other criminal activity which may threaten the health, safety or right to peaceful enjoyment of the ...

Can a landlord refuse to accept Section 8 in NJ? ›

New Jersey law also makes it illegal for a landlord to refuse to rent to a person because the person has a Section 8 voucher or another type of housing assistance. Cite: N.J.S.A. 10:5-12(g).

How long is the Section 8 waiting list in NJ? ›

The wait time to receive a voucher is approximately 7 years. Important note: Applicants will receive a confirmation number when either applying, or being placed on the waiting list, depending on housing authority policy. It is important to keep that number in a safe, easy to access place.

What are the demographics of US public housing? ›

To summarize: 52 percent of all public housing is occupied by elderly or handicapped households, 43 percent by households with children (including some with handicapped heads of household), and the balance by nonelderly households without children.

What is the largest percentage of housing discrimination cases reported to HUD? ›

In FY 2020, disability discrimination remained the most common complaint filed with HUD with 4,612 total disability complaints filed, which represents more than half (60.9 percent) of the total number of complaints filed that fiscal year.

What is section 8 housing in California? ›

What is Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher? Through this program, we help low-income families and individuals with the cost of their rent. A portion of their rent is paid directly to the landlord. The purpose of the program is to assist low-income people and ensure they are living in healthy, safe housing.

How many public housing units are in the US? ›

These complexes are operated by state and local housing authorities which are authorized and funded by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). In 2020, there were one million public housing units.

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